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Special Operations Glossary

Home > Special Operations Glossary > F

The Special Forces community and the military services in general use a multitude of words, phrases, and acronyms in its vocabulary, documentation, correspondence, and publications.  This glossary is intended to aid those unfamiliar with specific special operations terminology.

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FA.  Feasibility assessment; field artillery.

FARP.  Forward arming and refueling point.  Used for STOL and rotary-wing aircraft in support of operations.

FBCB2.  Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below.  FBCB2 has a BFT and comms capablity for vehicles on the battlefield.

FEBA.  Forward Edge of the Battle Area.  Term no longer used.

FFI. Forces Francaises de L'Interior, French Republican resistance organization.

FFIR.  Friendly forces information requirements.

FID.  Foreign Internal Defense; see definition below.

FSR. First Strike Ration. Learn more about the nutritional value of the First Strike Ration (FSR) at http://hprc-online.org/comrad/

FIS.  Fingerprint Identification System.  Used to identify Soldiers during E&E and other similar operations.

FIST.  Fire Support Team.

FLIR.  Forward Looking Infrared Radar.

FLOT.  Forward Line of Troops.

"Flower Soldiers". In the Vietnam War is was common practice for members of the South Vietnamese Army to stay home with their families (not report to work) as long as they kicked back part of their pay to their superiors.

FM.  Field manual; frequency modulation.

FN. Front National, French communist resistance movement - WWII era.

FO.  Forward Observer.  An artillery man trained to call in artillery fire in support of combat troops.

FOB.  Foward operational base. A term used by conventional and Special Operations Forces. In special operations, a base is usually located in friendly territory or afloat.  It is established to extend command and control or communications or to provide support for training and tactical operations.  The FOB usually is adjacent to a airfield.

FOBBIT.  A member of the military in a war zone who does not get off a large base or FOB. Eats chow, sleeps, plays X-box, and never gets beyond the perimeter.

Foreign Internal Defense.  "Participation by civilian and military agencies of a government in any of the action programs taken by another government or designated organization to free and protect its society from subversion, lawlessness, and insurgency."  (JP 1-02).  FID is one of the primary missions of U.S. Army Special Forces.  FID in a combat environment such as the Iraq or Afghanistan war is sometimes called "combat FID" - although this is not an official definition.  See Joint Publication 3-22, Foreign Internal Defense, 12 July 2010 available on the dtic.mil website here.

FORMICA. Foreign Military Intelligence Collection Activities (FORMICA). See DoD Instruction S-5205.01, March 9, 2015.

FP.  Force Protection.  Actions taken to prevent or mitigate hostile actions against personnel, resources, facilities, and critical information. Usually FP is defensive in nature although local security forces will have a response force available for local security operations.

FPF.  Final Protective Fires.  Where artillery or mortar fire is called in to provide protection to a defensive position.

FPL.  Final Protective Line.

Frag.  Fragmentation grenade; to frag someone.

FRAGORD or FRAGO.  A fragmentary order.

FSA.  Fire Support Area.

FSCC.  Fire Support Coordination Center.

FSCM.  Fire Support Coordinating Measure.

FSE.  Fire Support Element.

FSO.  Fire Support Officer.

FST.  Forward Surgical Team.

Fulton Recovery System. A ground to air exfiltration system to pickup individuals or important packages or papers from a denied area. Also know as "Skyhook" and Surface-To-Air-Recovery-System or STARS.


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